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Everybody thought Albert Johnston the best soldier in the country; <-popular, skils that was before the war. He’d had a gaudy career in the army after West Point (1826). After some peacetime soldiering he quit to care for his dying wife, (maybe letters) then moved to Texas to start over. When Texas decided on independence he enlisted as a soldier and in a year he was commanding the whole Texan (or Texian as they were often called then) forces. The Texans made him their Secretary of War during their brief independence, and after annexation he led the 1st Texas Rifles in the Mexican War. After the Mexican War In Richmond, Jefferson Davis immediately made him the second most senior officer in the Confederate forces. His immediate appointment was to secure and organize the western theater. He laid out a line through middle Kentucky, dipping down to the Tennessee River in western Tennessee. The eastern end was jarred loose in January 1862 by a Union attack at Mill Springs; in February the western end cracked when Forts Henry and Donelson surrendered. The center could not hold, especially with the Foote’s Union gunboats able to penetrate up the rivers into central Tennessee. Johnston pulled back into northern Mississippi and finally concentrated his forces – previously they had been strung out with no concentration nor reserve. He took the initiative against the Union forces that had stopped to reorganize and resupply. Setting off from Corinth, Mississippi, he marched his three Corps towards Pittsburg Landing. The Union forces hadn’t posted adequate pickets, and his attack was a surprise. Johnston led from the front, boring his way to the river and Grant’s headquarters. He was wounded in the leg, something he didn’t consider serious enough to stop him. It was; he bled to death.Ehistory



At the beginning of the Civil War it was almost universally agreed that the finest soldier, North or South, was Albert Sidney Johnston. Mississippi River to the Appalachians, he held it until it was broken at Mill Springs in January and at Forts Henry and Donelson in February 1862. Abandoning Kentucky and most of Tennessee, he fell back into northern Mississippi where he concentrated his previously scattered forces. In early April he moved against Grant's army at Shiloh. In what was basically a surprise attack, he drove the enemy back. While directing frontline operations he was wounded in the leg. Not considering his wound serious, he bled to death. Grant, writing in his memoirs, considered Johnston as having failed to live up to earlier expectations. (Roland, Charles P.,Albert Sidney Johnston: Soldier of Tbree Republics) Source: "Who Was Who In The Civil War" by Stewart Sifakis

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